Uffington White horse, Iron Age Coffee Mug
Uffington White horse, Iron Age Coffee Mug
by cooldudeproducts
Dyserth Hillfort from the Gop.jpeg

My experiences with hillforts, and a index of my articles on over 52 specific historic sites

Firstly a little index of mine, on articles I have written on specific hillforts, and such sites, listed by country areas, and alphabetically, then underneath these, the list of forts and such I have been to, my CV for on the subject matter.  I have webpages on 22 sites in Wales, 12 in Scotland, 14 in England, of which 2 in Cornwall), 3 in Ireland, 2 for the North, and 1 for the Republic, and 8 in the wider world. Sometimes you have to press enter/ return key, on your keyboard on the address bar to go to a page after you pressed on it. 

Articles on Welsh hillforts, in red font, highlighted in white, 

Articles on Scottish hillforts, in blue font, highlighted in yellow, 

Articles on English and Cornish Hillforts, in white font,

highlighted in black, 

Article on forts in Ireland, in green font,

Article on Continental European Forts, and the world, highlighted in green

I also have pictures and drawings of other hillforts across these pages. Plus some minor talk about those sites as well. Such as pictures of a few various forts in Scotland on my Scottish hillforts page, and such like + my Caerleon page has some more pictures as well of some other forts, though often of my own not super high level drawings, but hey ho they are my attempts so I am OK with that (any drawings by other's on this site like by  19th century greats, are great. I say.) . Plus a bonus mini article on Llangorse Crannog at the bottom of my Gaer Fawr page. Plus my Caerleon page mention's it's Lodge Wood Camp  hillfort in Caerleon, Llanmelin Wood Camp, near Caerwent and Castell Henllys in South West Wales. Plus on my page that talks of the 10 most populous towns in North Wales, I have a gazetteer on over 14 other North Wales hillfort, plus 2 Mid Wales ones, just over the edge of North Wales,  sites not given a bit of whole article on this website, seeing it is my base I realised I should mention them. Braich Y Dinas + Dinas,  Bwrdd Artur ( Din Silwy ), Bryn Euryn, Caer Seion + Alltwen, Dinas, ( Llanfairfechan ) Dinas Bran, Dinas Emrys, Dinorben Hillfort, Llaneffyd Hillfort, Pen Y Castell, / Caer Olau, Caergwrle Castle Hillfort, Pen Y Corddyn Mawr, Pen Y Dinas, and Pen Y Mont / Caer Caradog (Cerrigydruidion, Wales) ( I mention the Motte, Foel Fas at Pentrefoelas) ,  then also Craig Rhiwarth in North Powys, and Llanymynych in North East Powys.
Though ones already getting a article as stated above do not need much mention in that gazetteer itself, and as I say some of those sites on the gazetteer are mentioned elsewhere as well. The gazetteer on Shropshire and Cheshire mentions, Wroxeter, Caer Caradoc (Church Stretton, England), Chester, Poulton, Helsby and Beeston Castle hillfort, again in mostly tiny statements.
Plus for Scotland, I also mention The Rink, for my Torwoodlee article, also known as Rink Hill Iron Age Hill fort. Scotland. 
I try to make sure I have something mildly or majorly original to say or contribute, (not always but usually) so usually my articles are on sites I have been to or which I have a interesting picture or article, or slant on a site of. Or if for some reason it intrigued me, or if the site was  in some cases, just seen by most as a major hillfort. Not all major hillforts have a article by me, as I often want to concentrate on sites I have been to so have a original thing to say about. I try to mention facts I find interesting somewhere on the site though, so many or most major British Isles hillforts, and many less well known, are mentioned. 


I myself have liked hillforts since a trip up one as a small kid. It was the great fort of Tre'r Ceiri infact. I have always had at the back of my mind a idea on writing a story about these strange enimgas. So as I say you can look at how to buy it. I have been to a number of forts over the years, mostly in Wales, some in England and Scotland, and some for a very broad definition of hillforts across Europe. Here are the forts I have been to, or that I have been up this, they are once, unless stated, and some other sites. 

Wales, 1 Caer Y Twr (Holyhead), 2 Dinas Emrys, 3 Dinas Dinlle, 4, Moel Hiraddug (Dyserth), well over a 15 times  5 Dinas Bran (Llangollen) 6 Braich y Dinas (Penmaenmawr) Well I have seen the quarries, that replaced it from the other side of the fence a bit along nearer Moelfre hill and the quarry nearer it, plus up at the quarry that in 2021 posseses the fort's name, plus the quarry from views far away 7, 5 times Maenan, Caer Olau, Pen y Castell, 8 Alltwen twice at least, or more, 9 Caer Seion (Conwy Mountain)  at least 6 and half  times, I have walked a few times from Conwy and beyond and back which counts as one, but once down the slope to the north over half way and back so thats a half extra , 10 Deganwy Castle at least thrice 11 Castell Tremlyd, (Black rocks fort) (Deganwy),  13 Pen Y Dinas at least four times, (Great Orme Llandudno) 14 Bryn Euryn (Colwyn Bay / Rhos on Sea) at least five, maybe six, and a circumnavigation of the hill, via the path below, 14 Pen Y Corddyn Mawr, (Rhyd Y Foel) twice 15 Castell Cawr (Abergele) at least 6 times 16 Dinorben (Again the quarry anyhow) from the side at least seven times, 6 west, 2 east, 17 Foel Fenlli, 5 and a half times 9 (I skimmed it once), 18 Moel Y Gaer, Rhsosesmor, 19 Caer Drewyn (Corwen)  thrice, 20 Caergwrle Castle  (It has indications of hillforty bits from beforehand, like nearby Caer Estyn 21 Moel Artur, maybe two and a half times, 22 Penycloddiau, at least 11 times from many directions, 23 Moel  y Gaer (Bodfari) thrice including helping a excavation there, 24 Wat's Dyke Holywell, 25 Twt Hill, Rhuddlan, at least thrice, 26 Castell Henllys, 27 Llanmelin Wood Hillfort,  28 Offas Dyke East of Llangollen, and over 30 miles of the North to South Wales, Offa's Dyke path there and elsewhere, mostly away from the Dyke itself, in the Clwydian Hills and such, plus I have also been on Whitford Dyke, or by it a barely identifiable line from Trelawnyd to Holywell, of similar story to the other Saxon dykes in Wales, 29 Holy Island Iron Age hut circles,  30 Pen Y Gaer, Conwy County, at least thrice, 31 Bwrdd Artur, 32 Caer Bach, 33 Marian Ffrith thrice, Plus a few stone circles and ancient monuments such as on Anglesey, and the rest of North Wales, like Capel Garmon, and of course The Gop in Trelawnyd at least thrice. Plus Caerleon Roman site, Caerhun twice, Prestatyn's small site, and Caerwent, then also seen and been in or by both St David's monasteries. Plus been in a dozen more at least castles across North Wales, and South Wales, like Caernarfon, Harlech, Beaumaris, Conwy, Rhuddlan (Including the nearby Twthill) , Chirk, Dolwyddellan, Dolbadarn, Denbigh, Castell y Bere, Bodelwyddan, Gwyrch, Gwydir, Penrhyn, Flint, Chepstow, and two half destroyed ones, Newport and kind of Swansea, and seen some more. Plus Abergele and Whitford 17th Century towers. and Maen Achwyfan, a 12 foot wheel cross near the latter, Llangernyw church and it's ancient tree, and Llanfihangel y Pennant church to name but almost 10 I have been in in the region.  Plus been by Bontnewydd Cave, and Ogmore by Sea Mesolithic site, and Trellech medieval and modern, site. Plus been in the Welsh assembly as well, and a whole lot of other places in North Wales, and the South, and Mid.  Plus the Millenium Stadium, Aberystwyth Town's stadia, Bangor's old and new, Wrexham and Cardiff's stadium's and been by Swansea's and their cricket ground. Plus Snowdon four times, the miners path, pyg track, Llanberis Path, and Snowdon Ranger, plus up Crib Coch from Snowdon, and most of the way up the Watkin path seeing that Gladstone thing there.  Garnedd Ugain, Carnedd Llewellyn, Drum, the upland path between Abergwynregyn and that Car park, in the Conwy Valley, Tryfan, Cader Idris, Moel Siobod (twice ) , Hope Mountain, Moel Famau, Glyder Fawr, and Fach, and a few other mountains and hills. Plus  Caernarfon Roman fort. ​I have also been close to Llaneffyd hillfort, but not on it. Plus the Severn Bridge both of them, and the aquaduct at Pontcysyllte aquaduct. Plus the chambered tombs of Ynys Mon, like Barclodiad y Gawres possiblt twice and the similar named cairn, on the Roman road, the Helen sarn near there, and the bit near Penmachno, and also I have been by Abergwyngregyn Falls, then and the Gop four times. Plus St Asaph cathedral, Tintern Abbey, Valle Crucis Abbey, Dolgellau and Cymer Abbey, Tretower Court, and where the 1830s Newport Rising was, plus St Ffagans, and Prestatyn Motte and Bailey Castle, Glyndyfrydwy Castle, Bala Lake, Lake Vyrynwy, and Llyn Celyn and many more Welsh lakes, like Trawfynydd. I have also been on the offa's Dyke Path in North Wales. Plus Holywell Basingwerk Abbey, the Holy well of Holywell twice and the army museum that used to be there, and Great Orme cable car, and Great Orme fossil area, and Trefriw spa. Plus bike rides linking Ysbyty Ifan, Capel Curig, and Llanfairfechan, and Holywell. Plus been on Llanddwyn Island. Plus lastly, Gaer Fawr, of near Welshpool, from where I could see, after I went up Gaer Fawr, Breiddin Hill, which has a fort on, Plus I have been to the Roman site aby Trawsfynydd, and Tywyn, south Gwynedd (also been to the one in Conwy), where I saw of the ancient petrified forest. Plus lastly Moel Y Gaer, Llanbedr, just west of Moel Famau, OK another, near Cerrigydruidion, a site variously called Pen y Mont, Caer Caradog, and Pen Y Gaer, Plus Pen Dinas by Penparciau Aberyswyth, Ceredigion West Wales. Then another, Dinas in or by Llanfairfechan. Then another, Craig Rhiwarth, in the far north of Powys, plus Llanymynech Hillfort. Plus Moel Y Gaer, Llantysilio, so I have done the 4 Moel Y Gaer hillforts I know of in North East Wales. Plus we may have been through another on the area south west of Conwy, I am unsure, if I have been over Llandudno hillfort by cable car, and seen hills of more Llyn ones from afar. And Caerleon hillfort's hill and more from afar. Plus Brynford hill, Plus Llanmynych Hillfort, and maybe the hillfort just north of it, Blodwell Rock Hillfort, but maybe not, plus Foel Las, at Pentrefoelas, 

Scotland 1 Mull of Galloway Enclosure, 2 Burnswark, just up close, near it, 3 Gretna Service station fort, just up close, near it, 4 Eildon Hill North, (and the 2 hills by (Melrose) 5 Torwoodlee (Galashiels) and Broch 6 Edinburgh Castle, 7 Arthur's Seat (Edinburgh) one a half times 8 Dumbarton Castle, (Dumbarton Rock), 9 Stirling Castle, 10 Urquart Castle, 11 Possibly seen Dunottar, 12 Bannockburn memorial area, 13 Eilean Donan Castle, 14 Melrose Abbey, 15 The Rink Iron Age Hillfort, by Galashiels twice,  and I have seen Ruberslaw Hillfort, near Hawick, from the road miles away, and likely the other fort very close to the Rink in Galashiels, or it's trees from far away, but am unsure, I think it has even been labelled the rink as well, maybe even rink 2. Plus from by the Rink, I was taking photos of a hill I thought was another fort across towards the Tweed, which turned out to be a sans-hillfort hill, but in the photo was Sunderland Hill, a lower hill than even the Rink, with noticeable marks on, they may be natural, though interesting to me, like something of note, but up behind it is a other fort. 

Also I have seen a number of other castles in Scotland, like Walter Scott's House, the Walter Scott Monument, Princess Street, the New Town, and the Old town in Edinburgh, and one castle in Stranraer. Plus been in a place where the Scottish parliament was sitting, before the new one was built. Plus a number of other places, especially football stadiums, like Hampden, Pittodire, Celtic Park, Tynecastle, Easter Road, and Ibrox, by Fir Park, and McDairmad Park, and at Inverness Caley's old stadia, before their merger with Thistle. Plus Murrayfield, and been by Meadowbank Stadium, Hamilton, Arbroath, Stranraer and Oueen of the South's stadia. Plus hiked Ben Nevis, and been on the Waverley Paddle Steamer, the Forth Railway Bridge as well, and over the sea by ferry to Skye. Plus been on Ayr front.

England 1 Hadrian's Wall and Birdoswold, 2 Maiden Castle in Dorset, 3 Uffington Castle, 4 Uffington Horse, 5 Isle of Portland (Just the isle), 6 Ridgeway, 7 British Camp, 8 Stonehenge, 9 Avebury, 10 Silbury Hill, 11 Beeston Castle, 12 Caer Caradoc (Church Stretton), 13 The Wrekin, twice, 14 Old Oswestry, 15 Helsby, 16 Poulton Iron Age to onwards, settlement, Cheshire, including a couple of digging days, 17 Wroxeter Roman Site, 18 Chester Roman sites, 19 Wayland Smithy, 20 Buckingham Palace, 21 Westminster Palace, seen it, 22 Chichester and it's Roman walls, 23 Hereford Cathedral, and the Mappa Mundi, 24 Yorvik centre, 25 Brimham Rocks, 26 Scafell Pike, and Pendle Hill. Plus Maiden Castle, Cheshire, Warton Crag, and Inglebough Camp,  Plus seen a few more castles from a distance, like Bamburgh. Plus Wembley, Anfield, Goodison and Old Trafford, Stoke City's stadia, and more, like St Helens, and Sale Sharks rugby stadia, and been in the Man City stadium areas, and been outside Twickenham. Plus I have walked a few metres over the border for Wales and Scotland. Plus I have had a look at the area of the battle of Naesby, and lastly been to Lincoln Cathedral. Plus Shakespeare's house in Stratford upon Avon. and the bridges of Shrewsbury. Even been to a building in Oxford, of Oxford University, and the Lowry, and BBC Manchester, and Kew Gardens.Plus the Beatles Cavern club, Plus lake Windimere. Southport, Liverpool Albert Docks, and Chester Roman sites, like the amphetheatre. Plus Nantwhich canals. Plus St Helens and Burnley towns centres, Plus seen and been on Clun's best preserved tracts of the Offas Dyke, in Shropshire's hills, and the Shropshire version of Archenfield, western Clun, and Llanfair Waterdine. Plus some of the caves in Derbyshire, and up the Isle of Portland, and on the ferry and aeroplane to Europe from England. Plus up Blackpool tower, Alton Towers, and Blackpool pleasure beach.  Plus a Bike ride circling the Wirral. My weakest hillfort association is I may have seen the tower on Castle Hill, by Huddersfield, from the train so railway, so far away, but it is a hillfort. I remember the football stadium from it, and a tower on that line, so likely it was it. I have also been to Stocksbridge, and the village above. Plus Roman Ridge Earthwork in Sheffield. Plus Wincobank Hillfort. I also think I have seen Mouselow Castle Hillfort  on the road between Sheffield and Manchester. from a distance as there is a prominent hill that looks hillforty. Plus Devil's Dyke near Wheathampstead. 

Cornwall, 1 Tintagel, 2 St Michael's Mount, plus been outside Cornwall County Council offices and up it's highest hill, and nearby Rough Tor, which has some Iron Age elements on, but I am unsure if it can be classed as a hillfort, and also Land's End,

Isle of Man, Peel and Castletown Castles, no forts, just it and Snaefell, for example, but I have been in the Isle of Man parliament.

Republic of Ireland, 1 Seen a famine ship, 2 Dingle Peninsula beehive huts, 3 seen islands off the West coast when In Dingle, went on a tour of Ireland, and been in Dublin, Galway and Limerick, and Cork. Plus up a cliff in the North West. Plus the post office where the Easter Rising started.

Northern Ireland, 1 Giant's Causeway, 2 Loughbrickland Crannog, 3 Lough Neagh, and been to the 2 main settlements,  Belfast and Derry/ Londonderry. And we passed but did not stop at Dunluce Castle except at a layby, which was a Irish hillfort before the Normans. 

Europe, 1 Mont Sant Michel, OF Normandy and Brittany historically, France, 2 Acropolis, 3 Toledo Spain, 4 Rome  Colosseum, 5 Prague Castle, 6 Bratislava Castle, 7 seen Devin Castle from the river, 8 Montjuic, Barcelona,  9 Vienna Palaces, 10 Milan Cathedral, plus the Colosseum, and some of both Athens and Rome's great sites. Also the Prague cuckoo clock, and more, and the D Day landing sites. Plus the Bernebau, Nou Camp, San Siro, and a few other stadia in Europe, like Slavia Prague's, Olympiakos's, plus Roma and Lazio's from the air. Plus the Panhellenic Stadium. Plus from the top of Barca, Espanol's stadia. and Corsica from above, plus Albania from above,

And outside Europe, Rio De Janeiro, the statue Cristo Redentor, and on a boat into the bay right near to Niteroi, and the Copacabana, and Ipenama. Plus lastly the Atlantic Ocean, it's west and east. And of course the Maracena, and a couple of other stadias in Rio. and a aircraft carrier that France used to own, It was called the Clemencau in France. 

Plus I have been to numerous libraries across North Wales and North West England, like Chester, and read what they have on the subject. Plus have been to museums, in Rio, London, Cardiff, Glasgow, Chester, Liverpool, Edinburgh, the Isle of Man, Cornwall, Cardiff, Caerleon, Melrose, Rome, Milan, Madrid, Athens, (Antikythera Mechanism), Holywell, Newport, Vienna, Llandudno, Rhyl, Caernarfon, and more.

Plus I have read numerous books, and internet sites on the subject.

Lastly I have also used a metal detector on some beaches, so kind of extra stuff there.

Plus I have a history and archaeology degree, so that is my CV, plus GCSE Geography and history, and A Level Geography and history.

Plus I have a Iron Age Celtic coin, a Medieval 13th Century Scottish coin, and have been to both the National Eistedfodd, and Llangollen Eistedfodd. Plus the London Olympics, Wimbldeon, the Glasgow Commonwealth Games, and a Scottish Cup Final, Welsh Cup Final, Scottish League Cup Final, Highland and Lowland league, a Fa cup match, EPL, SPL matches and even cricket, Scottish Challenge Cup, netball, rugby union international and club, and league club, athletics, and even volleyball types, and basketball, Triathlon, and Rally Racing. Sheffield Ice Hockey, and American football. Plus professional golf, and surfing. Plus London, Edinburgh and Colwyn Bay zoos, and Knowsley Safari Park, Plus Oban, Anglesey, Rhyl, sea life centres, North West Wales Greenacres, and Rio's jarden, de Botanica and Kew Gardens, and Bodnant Gardens, Dolgellau's Cymer Abbey,  Plus much much much much much much much much much much much more.

Plus seen a Civil War re-enactment at Chester, plus theatre, cinema, and ballet and opera.


Plus I am the owner of a T Shirts with a picture of a proper hillfort on, Tre'r Ceiri, and a image of mug with Tre'r Ceiri Hillfort on it. 

Here is a description of the picture on this page. It is a picture from the Gop, a Neolithic mound on a hill in North Wales, towards Moel Hiraddug hillfort, which sits above a ancient route from Flintshire to Rhuddlan's ford, the lowest there was on the Clwyd River.  With Dyserth, to the fort's right, and the Clwyd Estuary beyond. The land near is much higher than the valley in the distance, but not classed as upland. This is one of my favourite pictures of mine. If my camera had better definition it would be super fine. So you need my permission if you wish to use it, or even take a similar picture yourself, by visiting there. I better say big advice, be health and safety careful when visiting hillforts, some have steep slopes, and cliffs all over the place, I thought I better say, that just to make sure if anybody is encouraged to visit hillforts, nobody comes to any arm as of me, so keep safe.

Miss Spellings and archaic spellings

Famous miss spellings of hillforts, 

Maiden Castle
Maidencastle, Mayden castle, Maiden castel, Maiden ACstle Hill fort, Miaden Castle, 

British Camp,
Brittish Camp, Brutish camp, British Camnp, Brittish Camp, Bruitish Camp, Brittishcamp, Brtishcamp,

Tre'r Ceiri,
Trer Ceiri, Tre Cerri, Trerceiri, Tre'rceiri, Tre Ceiri, Tre Crei, Tre Kerry, Tre Cerry, Tre Ceri, Tre y ceiri, tre yr ceiri, trrceiri, rte ir cieir, Tre'r ceriu, Tre ceri, 

Cadbury Castle,
Cadburycastle, Cadbuy Castle,

Dunnadd, Dunad, Dunaddhillfort,

Tin Tagel, Tinntagel, Tintagell, Tintsgel, Tintagle, 

Caesar's Camp,
Caesarscamp, Ceaser's camnp, cesar's camp, ceasr;s camp, ceasars canp, 

Others include, 
Dinasbran, Old Saum, for Old Sarum, Devlin castle Slovakia, Degannwy Castle,  stnehenge, stonhenge, Akropolis, Hollyhead Hillfort, Lllangollen hillfort, Llangolen Hillfort, Degannwy Castel, Solsburry Hill, Penyclodiau, pennyclodiau, peniclodyau, penicloddau, penicllodiau, penyclodiau, Inglethorpe, Ingle borough Hillfort, wrekion, reckin, oldoswestry, Old Owestry Hillfort, southcadbury, vratislava castle, bratialava castle, brataslava castle, brratislava castle, bratilsava castle, bratsilava castle, bratislav castle, castler, vastle, bratislva castle, bratilava castler, brtislava castle, batislava castle) Vercingetorix miss spelt Vercingetorix, vericgetroix, Avebury, miss spelt, Avenury complex, and Avebuy, Glastonbury miss spelt (gladtonbury, glastenbury, glastonburry, glastonbuury, glasstonbury, galstonbury, glastonbur, glastonbuy, glastonbry, glastonury, glastobury, glastnbury, glasonbury, glstonbury, gastonbury, at michaels mount instead of st michaels mount, or caer varadoc, miss spelt caercaradoc, or caer caradog, or gaer fawr, as caer fawr, or offa's fyke as offas dyke, beeeston castle, beeseston castle, dinasemrys, caer yr twr, caerytwr, moelhiraddug, beeston casytle,  beestoncastle, braichydinas, penydinas, penycorddyn, moelartur, moelarthur, foel arthur, bwrdd arthur, bwrddarthur, bwrddartur, castellhenllys, moelygaer, bryneuryn, hadrianswall, stmichaelsmount, cranogs, krannogs, brochhs,