A ultimate directory /

Links resource, to pages & videos

on hillforts, from across the web.

+ to it's right a article on castles and hillforts, their relationship, so a fusion page,

Conwy Castle and Deganwy Castle from the

Castles and Hillforts, 

A directory to many pages on hillforts

Now mostly the links that are not on my home page, plus in the middl some more to my pages, 

The top bit of the list has what is 

at the bottom of my home

page, but I have dozens more various links,

below there, so this can be my ultimate 

directory for hillforts links. 

I must add this disclaimer, these links were so, when I added them on 17th January 2021, I take no responsibility for the content on these websites, and recommend people have good anti virus scans, and such like, I know I try and make sure my pages are safe, but can not take responsibility for other peoples, I better add that warning disclaimer there for you, as top sites do, so I better as well. There are over 60 links on this page. 

Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland


Wikipedia's page https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillfort

English Heritage https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/

Cadw, the Welsh heritage agency


Historic Scotland


Canmore - Lots of historical things here, that also go into hillforts, in Scotland, 


Website on the Rhynie area, where Tap o'Noth is, 


Coflein a website that talks of a lot of historic and pre historic things, including hillforts, in Wales, quite detailed, in terms of pictures, 


Megalithic Portal, a great database of hillforts, and local pre historic structures, I normally type a hillfort site's address, and this website, to find, 


New Zealand's Hillforts, in Wikipedia, 


Welsh hillforts


A advert for a T Shirt to do with hillforts I have helped with, and benefit in terms of sales of


Hillforts of the Clwydian Range


A beautiful video on Shropshire's Hillforts



A page on Ruapekapeka pa in New Zealand

A page on Lithuania's hillforts, 


A page on Bibracte


A funny review of the hobbit, 

Yeats Byzantium, well he liked Celtic stuff, 

Video of Penycloddiauhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zb9R_Z0eM0Q

Wiltshire's Hillforts, from the air, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ySsKDNWjbnA

Danebury Hillfort,

A castro in Spain

The Museum of Manching a great hillfort Oppidum in Germany

Castell Henllys https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryMagazine/DestinationsUK/Castell-Henllys-Iron-Age-Fort/

Dun Aeonghsa on Tripadvisor

Tap O noth a news style flash

The Picts a documentary

The brochs of Scotland, a documentary

Crannogs, a video on them

The largest hillfort in Sweden, it's massive, 


Ukraine and their hillforts

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322162378_The_Fortresses_of_Ukraine_The_Builders_of_Eary_Iron_Age_Strongholds_in_Podolia: cool huh !"

Scottish crannog centre


Worlebury Camp Hillfort Group, Somerset


So as you can view, below, aside & before this article are dozens of links on hillforts, for this ultimate links page directory, for across the web on the subject, but here is the article for this page that I mentioned. 

So castles are a structure that is the most famed and celebrated of ancient military installations. No wonder when you see many of them's their grandeur, and known history. Most people interested in history are fans of them. They it has to be said were the successors to hillforts in many cases. Why hillforts stopped being used is a open question.

The likeliest answer though is number 1, armies of greater technology, and often structures, such as the Romans, and in later times the Medieval armies of Scotland, England and Wales, made them useless. Sometimes by conquest, but sometimes just as those forces using hillforts realised better options were, and had to be used. Such as how in Wales and Scotland, many great castles are on old hillfort sites, I go into this further in my story. There are various other elements to this, such as hillforts lack of being able to cope with sieges, compared to many castles, and how armies became more structured to force sieges in the newer eras, but this paragraph summarises those.

Number 2 Walled towns were another competitor, after all as the famous Arab saying goes, if Mohamed won't come to the mountain, why not move the mountain, well what I mean there is, why not build a defence as good as a mountain by a port, or riverside, that is economically more viable, and closer to where many people in for instance economically important lowland sites live.

Number 3 The biggest of all, castles replaced them.

So all in all, castles are the successors to hillforts. Though not entirely, they are more than that, as there are places famed for castles which never had many hillforts, which kind of says how effective and useful castles are. Indeed, some hillforts fell into disuse, and became barely even ruins, just intriguing ditches and banks, on hillsides, and hilltops, while some luckier ones, metamorphized into the castles that lasted across the Middle Ages, and into part of the more modern era. As indicated by some of my other pages on hillforts.co.uk

So hillforts were of use, and likely they were the successors of previous fighting systems. They were successors to some small tribe building a fenced enclosure and hut on a hilltop, and in a arms race developed from there. As the hillfort eras went on, in cases they became more complex, and of course were followed by castles and walled towns, which themselves had their successors. As similarly castles had successors, in some cases, palaces, such as Prague Castle, or the mansions of Britain, and even they had successors such as more modern walled forts, and army bases, or just modern mega cities. Like for instance in Tudor England, and later Scotland the beautified mansion replaced the more foreboding castle. Which indeed of course would have their successors, in the big cities and the new landscape, and totally different society and economy of modern times.

That I humbly claim, "Ultimate" directory to many pages on hillforts

I must also of course add this disclaimer, that these links were so, when I added them on 17th January 2021, I take no responsibility for the content on these websites, and recommend people have good anti virus scans, and such like, I know I try and make sure my pages are safe, but can not take responsibility for other peoples, I better add that warning disclaimer there for you, as top sites do, so I better as well. There are over 60 links on this page. 


The Late Bronze Age collapse


A website that claims Moel Arthur has a relation to King Arthur, though others say there is no ancient folklore related, this is a source that claims otherwise, 


Website on Time Team, the famous Channel 4 Show  I think it went on to Patreon as well though


A page on Moel Fenlli, detailing some in depth thinking of it


The Modern Antiquarian, based on Julian Cope's epic guidebook  "a massive resource for news, information, images, folklore & weblinks on the ancient sites across the UK, Ireland and Europe".  This is their page on Penycloddiau, there are more

Ham Hill Hillfort


Cissbury - Ring Hillfort according to the National Trust https://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/cissbury-ring/features/the-story-of-cissbury-ring

Oldbury Camp according to the National Trust, at Oldbury Hill, 


Borough Hill, or Burrow Hill Hillfort in Northamptonshire, a 19th Century remark on it


Llanymynech Golf Club, 


Where the hillfort is./ was 

Here is a thought from Hillforts.co.uk about hillforts. Well many of us find it a good walk to go up a hillfort for exercise, achievement, and such. So these sites on what I could term a "links page" could be inspirations for people to go on responsible safe journeys up these sites. Well I wonder what about people with mobility problems, or those who live so far away, they are unlikely to have the time to see a hillfort that much, Well some of the walking up there vids, can be quite indicative of walking up a hillfort is like. Specially the ones where the camera is bouncing up and down, or you hear wind, or maybe just some nice music. So some folk could watch it that way, or even put on 3D glasses, and such, OK, that idea is maybe going too far. But it would be a way to entering this other world, this lost world, and how remote these structure snow are. Then compare that with some modern interpretations of how much less remote and hubs activity they were in their prime. If you have 3D glasses always wear them responsibly. My story attempts to imagine the land of hillforts for all people as well. 

I mean they say the past is a foreign country, so you could say after you have visited hillforts. That the same way you have visited maybe India, or China, when you fly there and back, that you have kind of visited Iron Age Europe, if you visit a hillfort. As in I have visited Iron Age Europe  You could even put a sticker like that on your rucksack I say or not. 







A video tour of Tre'r Ceiri, you https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b4BuVDwHh1Q


Bindon Hill, according South West England walks page


Walbury Camp acccording to archaeology.org


More stuff on Maiden Castle, the William Barnes Society


A illuminating video by Aberdeen university stating Dunottar Castle may have been preceded by a other site, Dunnicaer Hillfort on a now reduced by erosion  peninsula across the bay. 


English Heritage Walking tour of Cissbury Ring and such hillfort on Youtube


Richard Coates Maiden Castle, Geoffrey of Monmouth and Hārūn al-Rašīdhttp://www.snsbi.org.uk/Nomina_articles/Nomina_29_Coates1.pdf

A theory wondering if a Celtic term, Mai Dun, is not the reason for the term Maiden Castle,  I prefer the Celtic term, as a origin idea, but this is interesting. 

Thomas Hardy's "A  tryst at an Ancient earthwork"  I say Parental Guidance recommended, but it is not rude, so maybe I am being silly there, It is a Victorian times short story on Maiden Castle, really a ode to the site https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xlHA_IRben0

A you tube video by National Trust on Hambldeon Hill, Dorset, 


Hamden Hill Hillfort, Somerset, a drone view on Youtube


English place names search engine http://epns.nottingham.ac.uk/

New Pictish stone discovered in 2020s by University of Aberdeen, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kpr1JMekkTM

A website mentioning the fantastic site of Dún Bhaloir, or Balor's fort on Tory Island, Donegal, Republic of Ireland, https://stairnaheireann.net/2016/02/24/dun-bhaloir-balors-fort-the-anvil-tory-island-co-donegal/

Kings and Generals, talks of the Celts on Youtube, a military related you tube site 


The Battle of Alesia, on You tube Historia Civilis https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SU1Ej9Yqt68 

Dumbarton Oaks, a 1938 concerto by Igor Stravinsky, not about the hillfort, at Dumbarton. The name of the work,  is after a estate in the USA, and that location's name stems from the site Dumbartonshire, in Scotland. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l6gqiA8iIMo

A fine youtube video on Galashiels, The Rink https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s6fyMAvBxow

And another fine Youtube video on Galshiels, the Rink,  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9P95XSZC_8c

And another fine youtube video on the 3 brochs of Galshiels. 


A fine video on youtube on a Portuguese castro hillfort, 


Jethro Tull's 1970s song Dun Ringill, it is a broch and hillfort site in Skye. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mlrxyiIVFUU

Edward Elgar's Caratacus, partly inspired by the Malvern Hills, of the famed, British Camp,. 


A not that famous heavy metal band mention a hillfort in their lyrics see on Youtube, Thrawsunblat, Until ebb the waters,


Visit the Malverns including Britihs Camp 


Quarried remnants again.jpg

AE Housman's Shropshire lad, lines on the Clee hills, including the beacon upon Titterstone Clee Hill,  written 1887 From Clee to Heaven


Another Housman work, On Wenlock Edge, mentions the Wrekin,  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oIbjPf8a7Gw

Here Vaughn Williams, puts some of Housman's poems, to music, 

In his Cycle, Wenlock Edge, it actually has 6 poems to music, 2 Breddon Hill, and Wenlock Edge refer to hills which have Iron Age forts. 


Apparently the second song of this, it seems have no words, is a ode to Maeve's Court, a hillfort in Ireland, from this band Horslips, and their album, Tain, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zpe3qtbNhuk

 got that fact off this website which searches Song Lyrics https://www.lyrics.com

John Ireland's symphonic rhapsody called Mai Dun, devoted to Maiden Castle hillfort, from 1921


Pictures on this page are both by me, so you need my permission to use them,. They are Conway Castle from the east,, with Deganwy Castle's lumpps in the distance, so kind of a hillfort behind. I say that is a fair thing to say, and Conwy Castle was it's replacement. Then down at the bottom the remains of Dinorben hillfort, a particularly damaged hillfort, after quarrying. Though to be fair, it did make it possible for large scale exacavations to be affored here. I must also say, this is my picture again, so need's my permission to be used.

Cadbury Castle, (Camalat Castle) Stukeley 1773 Coffee Mug
Cadbury Castle, (Camalat Castle) Stukeley 1773 Coffee Mug
by cooldudeproducts